After Yorktown, the Continental Congress appointed a small group of statesmen to travel to Europe and negotiate a peace treaty with the British: John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson and Henry Laurens. The Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, 1783 by representatives of British King George III and representatives of the United States of America, officially ended the American War of Independence. The treaty set the boundaries between the British Empire in North America and the United States of America, in a line that was “extraordinarily generous” to the united states.  Details include fishing rights and the restoration of property and prisoners of war. Peace of Paris (1783), a collection of treaties for the conclusion of the American revolution and signed by representatives of the United Kingdom on the one hand and the United States, France and Spain, on the other. On November 30, 1782, provisional articles (often referred to as the “pre-treaty of Paris”) were signed in Paris between Great Britain and the United States. On September 3, 1783, three final contracts were signed between Great Britain and the United States in Paris (Treaty of Paris) and between Great Britain and France and Spain at Versailles. The Netherlands and Great Britain also signed a provisional treaty on 2 September 1783 and a separate final peace on 20 May 1784. The contract, signed by Franklin, Adams and Jay at the York Hotel in Paris, was finalized on September 3, 1783 and ratified by the Continental Congress on January 14, 1784. Historians have often commented that the treaty is very generous with the United States with respect to the greatly expanded borders. Historians such as Alvord, Harlow and Ritcheson have pointed out that British generosity is based on a state vision of close economic relations between Britain and the United States. The concession of the vast trans-leaseaway region should facilitate the growth of the American population and create lucrative markets for British traders, without Britain inculling military or administrative costs. The aim was to make the United States an important trading partner. As the French Foreign Minister, Mr. Vergennes, said later: “The British buy peace instead of doing it.”  Vermont was admitted to the borders because New York State insisted that Vermont be part of New York, while Vermont was then under the government that did not consider Vermont to be part of the United States.  By the provisions of the U.S. Treaty. Britain recognized the independence of the United States with generous borders with the Mississippi River, but maintained Canada. Access to fishing in Newfoundland was guaranteed to the Americans and the Mississippi was to be open to both Britain and the United States. Creditors of both countries should be prevented from recovering their debts and Congress should recommend that states treat American loyalists fairly and restore their confiscated assets.
(Some of these provisions should subsequently cause difficulties and litigation. December 1814, the Treaty of Gant was signed by British and American representatives in Gant (Belgium) and ended the War of 1812. In accordance with the treaty, all the conquered territory had to be returned and commissions were set up to regularize the border of the United States… Read more Despite unresolved border problems, U.S.