How Did The Sykes Picot Agreement Affect The Middle East

In his doctoral thesis, Gibson discussed the role of oil in British strategic thinking at the time and mentioned Vilayet Mosul as France`s largest potential oil field in 1918 to accept its accession to the mandate of Iraq (the Clemenceau Lloyd George Agreement) in exchange for “some of the oil and British support elsewhere.” [53] May 16 will mark the centenary of the agreement, amid the question of whether its borders can survive the region`s current furies. “The system that has been in existence for a hundred years has collapsed,” barham Salih, a former Iraqi deputy prime minister, said at the Sulaimani Forum in Iraqi Kurdistan in March. “We don`t know what new system will take its place.” At a meeting in a railway car in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne on 19 April 1917, a provisional agreement was reached between British and French Prime Ministers David Lloyd George and Alexandre Ribot, as well as Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Paolo Boselli and Sidney Sonnino, to settle the Italian interest in the Ottoman Empire, in particular Article 9 of the Treaty of London. [38] The agreement was necessary by the Allies to secure the position of the Italian armed forces in the Middle East. On 18 September Faisal met in London and the next day and 23 had long meetings with Lloyd George, who explained the memory aid and the British position. Lloyd George stated that he was “in the position of a man who had inherited two groups of commitments, those of King Hussein and those of the French,” Faisal noted that the agreement “seemed to be based on the 1916 agreement between the British and the French.” Clemenceau responded about Memory Aid, refusing to travel to Syria and saying that the case should be left to the French to directly manage Fay├žal. In the Sykes-Picot Agreement, concluded on 19 May 1916, France and Great Britain divided the Arab territories of the former Ottoman Empire into spheres of influence. In its intended area, it was agreed that each country can establish a direct or indirect administration or control, as they wish and as they see fit to agree with the Arab State or with the Arab confederation. Under Sykes-Picot, the Syrian coast and much of present-day Lebanon went to France; Britain would take direct control of central and southern Mesopotamia around the provinces of Baghdad and Basra.

Palestine would have an international administration, because other Christian powers, namely Russia, were interested in this region. The rest of the territory in question – a vast territory with syria today, Mosul in northern Iraq and Jordan – would have local Arab leaders under French surveillance to the north and Britons to the south. In addition, Britain and France would retain free passage and trade within the other`s zone of influence. In Syria, physical and human devastation undermines the prospects of a viable state for years to come. The statistics are almost incomprehensible: more than half of the population needs humanitarian assistance to achieve this during the day. About 3 million children do not go to school, out of a population of 22 million. In addition to a damning number of deaths, 1.5 million people have been injured or permanently disabled. Life expectancy has fallen by 15 years since the start of the civil war in 2011. Nearly one in five citizens has fled the country. You may not have an incentive to come back.

Physical destruction amounts to at least two hundred and fifty billion dollars, in a state the size of Washington.

Permanent link to this article: https://www.tynebridgeharriers.com/juniors/how-did-the-sykes-picot-agreement-affect-the-middle-east/